Liu Huan (1983-), Master of Science (First Class Honours), The University of Auckland.

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The Inner Energy, Energy Loss and Materials Perishing/内能,能量损耗与材料老化

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发表于 2021-1-2 15:57:09 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
This is the article 4 in the theme 'Material & Physical Chemistry/材料与物理化学' of Journal of Environment and Health Science (ISSN 2413-1628).

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The formally published serials is the printing <Journal of Environment and Health Science (ISSN 2314-1628)>, and the serials NO. is the month/year when the materials accessible on this website, authorized by publisher;
正式发表的期刊是印刷版《环境与卫生科学杂志(ISSN 2314-1628)》,期刊期号为文章内容在本网站上网年/月,出版人许可自行正式发表。

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 楼主| 发表于 2021-1-2 15:58:04 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2021-8-27 10:49:49 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2021-10-9 11:24:16 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2021-10-11 10:19:26 | 显示全部楼层
Article 4. The Principal of Thermodynamics: The Inner Energy, Energy Loss and Materials Perishing /热力学原理:内能能量损耗与材料老化
Author: Liu Huan (1983- ), Master of Science (First Class Honours), The University of Auckland.
This article distinguishes the difference between thermal energy and inner energy. The range of energy forms defined in inner energy is broader than thermal energy, because not all the energy forms defined in inner energy generate the thermal effects, for example, the kinetic energy of molecule motion, defined in inner energy, can not completely be converted into thermal effects. In my article, it is defined that the electromagnetic waves emitted by molecule motion is the transmission pathways/forms of thermal energy, excluding the kinetic energy transmission, the static magnetic field transmission, and the static electric field transmission. The collisions among molecules or atoms lead to energy lose. This energy lose is caused by the aging of dark matter energy binder, so the nature of materials perishing is the aging of dark matter binding micro-particles. Nevertheless, the lower density among molecules usually leads to less collisions so that less energy lose is caused correspondingly.
When the molecules of materials is heated by other sources of thermal energy, the frequency of molecule revolution is risen so that higher intensity of electromagnetic waves is emitted by molecule motion and higher frequency of collisions among molecules is caused as well. More specifically and exactly, when the transmission pathway/form of thermal energy is defined as the electromagnetic waves emitted by molecule motion, the molecule or atom motion forms are distinguished in my thermal energy definition: the molecule or atom itself revolution/rotation is the main source of thermal effects, whereas the relative motions among different molecules or atoms, which is irregular in comparison, becomes the minor thermal sources and leads to energy loses by the collisions among them. The dark matter plays the role in the resilience function like mechanical spring here: when the molecule or atom approaches another molecule or atom, the dark matter reduces the relative velocity between them; subsequently when the molecule or atom moves away from it, the dark matter accelerates the relative velocity between them. If there is no aging of dark matter binding micro-particles, the average relative speed between them is constant without energy lose. Once the external thermal sources stop heating the receptor materials, this process is reversible.
This is the revised materials in book “Proceedings for Degree of Postgraduate Diploma in Environmental Science (3rd Edition).” published in 2016. Revised on 31/12/2020; Thirdly Revised on 09/10/2021.  
References:
搜狗百科,共享百科全书/Sogou Baike, Creative Commons.

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